HISTORY: PATENTS

OLDBIKE_BICYCLE_MUSEUM_PATENT_WARS

In the early days of transportation, more money was often made from patents than from manufacturing and selling the invention concerned. But many early inventors also had to become specialists in litigation, as competitors would often copy their product surreptitiously, and sometimes it was difficult to prove. For example, the American patent-holder for ball bearings, Simmonds Rolling Machine Co, hired detectives to infiltrate the Pope Mfg Co: one got a job at the factory, while another pretended to represent a group of investors so he could inspect the accounts. When they presented their findings, Pope settled out of court. But Pope had been trading in the patent market for nearly two decades. He had bought Pierre Lallement’s original patent for the bicycle, and aggressively bought all other bicycle patents he could find, amassing a fortune by restricting the types of bicycles other American manufacturers could make and charging them royalties.

Start Guided Tour

Items in this Collection

1875-Wooden-Velocipede-Tricycle-05

1870s Wooden Velocipede Tricycle (W. Quinn Patent)

View
FOR SALE 1871 ARIEL – the first penny farthing 16 copy

1871 James Starley Ariel (Replica of the first penny farthing)

View
1871-Ariel-penny-farthing-21

1871 Starley Ariel (Replica)

View
FOR SALE 1874-James-Starley-Queen-of-Hearts-Sewing-Machine-10-1

1874 James Starley ‘Queen of Hearts’ Sewing Machine

View
Pope-Air-Rifle-Pistol-1

1876 Pope Brothers Rifle Air Pistol

View
1878-Unzicker-Rowing-Tricycle-38

1878 Unzicker Patent Rowing Tricycle

View
1886-JB-brooks-saddle-patent-23

1889-1898 J.B Brooks Saddle Patents

View
1890_Raleigh_40-copy

1890 Middlemore Hammock Saddle

View
1893_Victoria_05

1894 Josselyn Tilting Saddle

View
1895_CRYPTO_BANTAM_601

1895 Lamplugh Saddle

View
FOR SALE 1897 BSA Fittings Machine Simpson Lever Chain 05

1897 BSA Fittings Machine with Simpson Lever Chain

View
1901 BSA Gents Springframe 05

1901-1903 BSA Gents’ Springframe (with Patent Backpedal Brake)

View
OLDBIKE_MUSEUM_WATER_BICYCLE_2

AWHEEL on LAND & WATER

View
1901-fagan-hub-patent-41

Fagan Hub & Patent & Other Early Variable Gears

View
1899_March_George_Morris_Cross_Frame_Patent_0

PATENT WARS: CROSS (X) FRAMES

View
1895_patent_Captain_Gerard_00

PATENT WARS: FOLDING BICYCLES

View
selden_patent

PATENT WARS: INTRODUCTION

View
1899_Travis_Cushion_Frame_Patent_1

PATENT WARS: THE CUSHION FRAME

View
Iver_Johnson_Truss_Bridge_Frame_Patent_1901_1

PATENT WARS: TRUSS TUBE v ARCH BAR

View
1882_clincher_tyre_patent

PNEUMATIC TYRE PATENTS

View