1909 Resilient Royal Centaur


This rapid steed which cannot stand

Follows the motion of my hand

An iron Centaur we ride the land

– Longfellow

This Resilient Centaur has so many unique (and interesting) features that it’s not easy to take it all in at first viewing. A new design of ‘Diagonal’ frame was introduced in 1909: It consists of the ordinary diamond frame with the addition of two diagonal stays running straight through from the top head lug to the back hub. These stays are not in the same plane as the main members of the frame, thereby avoiding vertical rigidity, but are outside, and on each side of it thereby giving increased lateral strength. The Twin Chain Stays are also noteworthy, as is Centaur’s unusual patent Spring Seat Pillar. Any of these features would be significant on their own. However, this Resilient Royal is also blessed with an option, introduced in 1909, which outshines them all …the Centaur Spring Fork.

The Spring Fork was no doubt a result of the company’s motorcycle design programme. Previously Townsend, Thos & Sons, the Centaur Bicycle Co was founded in 1875 by George Gilbert and Edward Mushing, at West Orchard, Coventry. The company produced one of the earliest examples of a full diamond frame from 1889 with the steering head of the early pivot type. Duplex chainstays were introduced in 1896, together with duplex seat stays, on some models. The business was incorporated by 1897 as the New Centaur Cycle Co Ltd with a 10% dividend paid in that year, 7% in the following year, but none in the next three years. The Centaur cross-frame was introduced in 1900 and called the ‘Featherweight’, priced at £25, and the catalogue provided that the bright parts could be silver plated at no extra cost. It was distinctive in having twin tubes from the top head lug through the rear fork end. The front forks were duplex, being formed with tube that had a figure of eight section. The first Centaur motorcycle, in 1901, sported a 3hp Humber engine and, by 1904, they used their own engines. The company was taken over by Humber in 1910, who continued to use the Centaur name until 1915. The Resilient Royal model was therefore only offered for one year by the Centaur Cycle Co, and the Spring Fork was dropped after Humber took over the company name.

1909 Resilient Royal Centaur Roadster

26″ Frame

28″ Wheels

Frame No 149800


Centaur Cycle Co, Coventry. Stand No 133
Of course, the new ‘diagonal’ frame is the attraction here. It is designed to give all the strength of the old Centaur frame while minimising vertical vibration. Other novelties are the Centaur spring-forks and spring seat-pillar, which agents should make a point of seeing, and recommending to customers who feel vibration. A remarkable machine is the new road racer at £6 10s., weighing, without guards, 27 lbs. On the best quality Centaurs it will be noticed that there are no clips for the pump pegs and brake fittings, these being brazed to the forks and main down tube. The light-weight roadster is a superbly-finished mount, scaling only 24 lbs, with guards complete.

The Centaur Company are showing a magnificent specimen of road racer. This has a 3.75 in. tread, steel rims and detachable tyres, a front rim brake, fixed wheel, straight (duplex) chain stay, and comes out at 20.5bs, selling at £10 10s retail. This machine should appeal to agents who have a speedy clientele, and it is supplied with either a horizontal or a sloping down top tube.

For 1909 every Centaur at £7 10s and over will be fitted with Dunlop tyres. Mr. W. J. Welch, the firm’s London manager, told us that he was expecting a very interesting machine from the works, but up to the time of our visit it had not arrived. This is an ‘all weather’ bicycle, enamelled all over, except for a small plated disc on the extreme rear end of the back mudguard, the object of which is to reflect the light from the head-lamps of an overtaking motor car, and indicate the position of the cyclist. This extremely ingenious device is the idea of the rider to whose order this particular machine is built, and who is an active member of one of the hard-riding London clubs. The Centaur Co do not seem to have lost ground during the three or four years they have been absent from the Show; their designs, finish, and prices are right up-to-date. and agents and public alike are pleased to see the famous old Coventry house again in evidence at the Agricultural Hall.

1908 stanley show centaur cycle co





As mentioned elsewhere, a ‘steering lock’ is not designed to prevent theft, rather it stops the handlebars turning so that the cycle can be leaned against (for example) a tree without falling over. Above the steering lock is disengaged; below it is engaged. It’s a good idea to disengage it before riding off…







I first saw this bicycle in 2008, and was struck by it immediately – love at first sight, as they say. It was owned by a friend who offered it to sell it to me; unfortunately I could not afford it at the time. Then, soon after, he decided to keep it. A year later, I came across this New Centaur Co oiler. I generally only buy accessories for bicycles I own, but I made an exception in this case in the hope that one day I’d get the bicycle to go with it. It seems to have worked. A customer asked me recently which was my favourite bike. When I hesitated to answer (the reason being I knew that’s the one he’d want to buy!), he asked ‘If there was a fire and you could only save one bike, which one would it be?’ Again I didn’t tell him. But it would be this one.

The oiler has this inscription on the other side.

I rarely restore cosmetically. So the Centaur has just been rubbed over with an oily rag before servicing it ready for riding. This machine is so well-appointed already, I see no need to overload it with accessories and fittings. So I’ve added only my scruffiest ‘ding dong’ bell. I hope to get plenty of road work in before winter is upon us.


The Royal Pavilion was purchased from Queen Victoria as a result of the Brighton Improvement (Purchase of the Royal Pavilion and Grounds) Act 1850. This magnificent royal pleasure palace is the crowning glory of a city already blessed with a wonderful architectural heritage.

The Royal Pavilion, conceived as ‘a monument to style, finesse, technological excellence and above all pleasure,’ is only suitable as a photographic backdrop for certain vintage bicycles. ‘Royal’ models would seem to be the most appropriate. Manufacturers who had a ‘Royal’ line included Centaur, Premier, Sunbeam and Rover. Starley can be seen at the Royal Pavilion in 1887 in the picture below.

The Pavilion’s own personality tends to overwhelm a photo unless a bicycle possesses some unique qualities of its own. But the Resilient Royal Centaur must have been designed with the Pavilion’s criteria in mind …because this bicycle is also a ‘monument to style, finesse, technological excellence and above all pleasure.’



This year, I rode the Centaur on the Benson. It performed admirably. I discovered an interesting design fault: it is impossible for the front brake to work with the sprung front forks. Although they pull on efficiently, when the front fork springs it releases the brake! I was told by a fellow Centaur owner that this front brake style was a Humber design rather than Centaur. Centaur was taken over by Humber in 1909, so we can only speculate whether the bicycle was unsold stock at the time of the takeover or if the customer preferred the option of a Humber front brake.

The unusual front lamp is an ‘X Rays’ manufactured by Adams & Westlake of Chicago, USA, and fitted with a British lamp holder bracket.



 ADAMS & WESTLAKE Mfg Co, Chicago, USA 

The company history started with a collaboration on 21st October, 1874 between John McGregor Adams of Londonderry, New Hampshire and William Westlake of Cornwall, England. They formed Adams & Westlake Mfg Co in 1857 in Chicago as a railroad supply and hardware manufacturer. The company became a top manufacturer of the 1800s, making (among other things) camping stoves, railway lamps, brass bedsteads, aluminium windows, cabinet hinges and travel trunks. They added cameras and cycle accessories to their product list in the late 1890s, and exhibited at the 1896 Grand Cycle Show at the Grand Central Palace, New York.