DESIGNS: X FRAMES, 1896 onwards

Online Bicycle Museum X Frames

“A new style of cross frame – also known as the ‘X Frame’ – was introduced in Britain in the late 1890s. No, not the type that was heralded by Hillman, Herbert & Cooper’s Premier in 1886, but the more sophisticated version that really began with F. Bowden’s 1894 patent for the lady’s Raleigh. Although Bowden was granted the palent, G.P. Mills took the credit for the design. There was apparently no development until 1898, when the well-known Raleigh cross-frame appeared; it was to last for about 40 years.

Then in 1899 G. L. Morris was granted a patent that covered practically every permutation possible in tube-crossings, and the famous Referee cross-frame appeared on the market. From then on, most if not all makers of cross-frames paid royalties to either Raleigh or Referee.”

Chater-Lea used the Bowden patent, the Cycle Components Co used the Morris. But what about Centaur?

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Items in this Collection

1896-Mikael-Pedersen-63

1896 Mikael Pedersen Small Men’s Bicycle

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1896-Referee-cross-frame-Tandem-01

1896 Referee Cross Frame Tandem

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1900_Raleigh_Crossframe 105

1900 Cross (X) Frame Raleigh Gent’s Light Roadster

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1900-Folding-Perdersen-15

1900 Dursley Pedersen ‘Detachable’ Military Cycle

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1 1902 Humber Duplex Cross Frame 93 copy

1901/1902 Humber Duplex Cross Frame

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1902 Centaur Featherweight 05

1902 Centaur Featherweight (Hub 2-Speed Gear)

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1903 Centaur Featherweight Path Racer 70

1903 Centaur Featherweight Path Racer

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1904 Dursley Pedersen 05

1904 Dursley Pedersen ‘Size 3’ Royal Roadster

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1905_Dursley_Pedersen_01

1904 Dursley Pedersen Gentleman’s Royal Roadster

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1904 Dursley Pedersen 3 speed 25

1904 Dursley Pedersen Gentlemen’s Royal Roadster (Size 6)

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1904-Dursley-Pedersen-Ladys-Royal-Roadster-05-copy

1904 Dursley Pedersen Lady’s Royal Roadster

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1906-Centaur-Featherweight-05

1904-1908 Centaur Featherweight Tall 28″ Frame

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Centaur_Featherweight_12

1906 Centaur Featherweight Cross-Frame Roadster

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1906 Dursley Pedersen 05

1906 Dursley Pedersen No 5 Cantilever Standard #3180

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1906 Dursley Pedersen 05

1906 Dursley Pedersen No 5 Cantilever Standard #3186

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Elswick_Cross_Truss_04

1906 Elswick Gentleman’s Special Cross Truss Frame ‘Model 6’ Bicycle

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FOR SALE 1906-Royal-Enfield-Standard-Girder-65

1906 Royal Enfield Lady’s Standard Girder

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1907_Raleigh_Xframe_00

1907 Raleigh Superbe X Frame

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X Frame from the Black Lagoon

1908 Components Ltd Ariel Featherweight X Frame

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1905_Royal_Enfield_Riche-Girder-04

1908 Royal Enfield ‘Modele Riche’ Lady’s Duplex Girder

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1909-Dursley-Pedersen-3-speed-06

1909 Dursley Pedersen ‘Cantilever Standard’ (3 Speed)

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1909-Dursley-Pedersen-3-Speed-56

1909 Dursley Pedersen Three-Speed Cantilever Standard

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1909_Raleigh_X_Frame_05

1909 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame Model 20A

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1909 RESILIENT ROYAL CENTAUR

1909 RESILIENT ROYAL CENTAUR VIDEO

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New_Imperial_Girplex_05

1910 New Imperial ‘Girplex’ Cross Frame

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1910_Raleigh_X_Frame_03

1910 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame (Green)

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1910s Components X Frame (Wearwell) 0

1910s Components Ltd patent X Frame (Wearwell)

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X1

1910s Components Ltd X Frame

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1911_Dursley_Pedersen_55

1911 Dursley Pedersen Cantilever 3-Speed No 4 Gents

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1911 Raleigh Modele Superbe Ladies X Frame 05

1911 Raleigh Modele Superbe Ladies X Frame

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1911-Raleigh-Modele-Superbe-Ladies-X-Frame-16

1911 Raleigh Modele Superbe Ladies X Frame (Unrestored)

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1912-RALEIGH-X-Frame-03

1912 Raleigh Superbe All-Steel X Frame (Green)

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1906-Royal-Enfield-Standard-Girder-03-1

1912 Royal Enfield Duplex Girder Lady’s

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1913 Centaur Featherweight 05

1913 Centaur ‘Featherweight’

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1913_Dursley_Pedersen_55

1913 Dursley Pedersen No 3

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1913_Pedsersen_Autowheel_05

1913 Motorized Dursley Pedsersen (with Wall Autowheel)

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1914_Dursley_Pedersen_04

1914 Dursley Pedersen No 4 Cantilever Standard

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1917_Raleigh_X_Frame_01

1917 Raleigh All-Steel Superbe Model 20 Gents Cross-Frame (X Frame)

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1918-Raleigh-X-Frame-Tandem-19

1918 Raleigh X Frame Tandem (1907 Specification)

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1920s Automoto X Frame 05

1920s Automoto ‘Cadre Renforcé’ (French X Frame)

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1920s WONDER X Frame 63

1920s Cycles Wonder ‘X frame’ pour Homme

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FOR SALE 1920s-MAD-CROSS-FRAME-08

1920s MAD French Cross-frame

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1920s French X Frame 05

1920s Manufacture Ardennaise French ‘Cross-frame’

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1920s RAVEL French X Frame 05

1920s Terrot ‘Ravel’ Cross-frame / Reinforced Frame

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1921 Raleigh X Frame 05

1921 Raleigh All-Steel ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (Green Enamel)

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1923_Raleigh_X_Frame_04

1923 Raleigh All-Steel ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (Green)

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1924_Raleigh_X_Frame_05

1923 Raleigh All-Steel ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (Black)

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1910s-Components-X-Cross-Frame-60

1926 Centaur (by Humber) Cross-Frame ‘Model 13’

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1926-elswick-cross-truss-04

1926 Gentleman’s Elswick Popular Cross Truss

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1927 Raleigh X Frame 05

1927 Raleigh Gent’s Modele Superbe X Frame (Green Enamel)

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1929-RALEIGH-3022-X-FRAME-66

1929 Raleigh Modele Superbe 30″ X Frame – The World’s Tallest Cross Frame

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1928 Raleigh X Frame 05

1929 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame (Green)

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1929 TAYLOR CADET CYCLET 05

1929 Taylor Cadet Cyclet Bicycle

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1930_Armstrong_1

1930 Armstrong Gent’s ‘Riche’ Cross-frame Roadster

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1930_Raleigh_Xframe_08

1930 Raleigh Gent’s 26″ Frame Model Superbe X Frame

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1930-Raleigh-X-Frame-04-copy

1930 Raleigh Gent’s Model Superbe X Frame (Restored)

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1930-Raleigh-X-Frame-Green-04

1930 Raleigh Model Superbe X Frame (Green, Unrestored)

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1930s-Hercules-X-Frame-Junior-05

1930s Hercules Junior X Frame

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1940s Gazelle Cross Frame 05

1930s/1940s Gazelle Gents’ Cross Frame

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1931-raleigh-x-frame-12

1931 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame (Green, Mint Condition)

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1932_Centaur_X_01

1932 J. Harrison Kensington ‘Featherweight’ X-Frame

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1933 Raleigh All-Steel Irish X Frame 05

1932 Raleigh All-Steel Irish X Frame

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1932 Raleigh X Frame 05

1932 Raleigh X Frame ‘Model Superbe’ (Whatton & Mustill Ltd)

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1933 Elswick Utility 05

1933 Elswick Utility ‘Cross Frame’ Low-Gravity Carrier with Deep Basket

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1937_Raleigh_Crossframe_01

1934 Raleigh Gents 26″ All-Steel Irish Cross-Frame

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1933-Raleigh-X-Frame-05-copy-3

1934 Raleigh Superbe X Frame

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1934 Raleigh X Frame Green 05

1934 Raleigh Superbe X Frame (Green Enamel #U54464)

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1934 Raleigh X Frame U54463 05

1934 Raleigh Tourist X Frame (Green Enamel #U54463)

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1935_Raleigh_Irish_X_Frame_07

1935 Raleigh All-Steel Irish X Frame

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1936 Raleigh X Frame 05

1936 Raleigh ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (black enamel)

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1937 ELSWICK Cross Frame 05

1937 Elswick Special Cross Truss Roadster

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1938 Irish Raleigh X Frame 05

1938 Raleigh Irish X Frame (Irish Raleigh Cycle Co)

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1949-simplex-x-frame-20

1949 Simplex ‘Cycloide’ Cross-frame

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1952 Nordap Velmo 05

1952 Nordap-Velmo Fahrrad-Motor (Empo Crossframe)

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1953-Simplex-Zweeffiets-05

1953 Simplex Zweeffiets Spring frame

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1954_Hermann_Klaue_05

1954 Hermann Klaue 3-Speed Cross-frame

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FOR SALE 1960s Moulton Tricycle 05

1960s Moulton F-frame TWS Tricycle

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1980-Dursley-Pedersen-copy

1980 Copenhagen Pedersen

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history-of-centaur-cycle-co-33

Centaur Cycle Co History, 1867-1910

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Buster_Keaton_Our_Hospitality_1

FRAME STYLES

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1899_March_George_Morris_Cross_Frame_Patent_0

PATENT WARS: CROSS (X) FRAMES

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CROSSFRAME-MUSEUM-inc-featherweight2

Premiers & Cross-Frames

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